American Mary Body Modification Body Violation Eva Phillips Female Empowerment Films by Women Films Written by Women Games Horror Jen Soska Soska Sisters Sylvia Soska Women in Horror Week

Suturing Selfhood: ‘American Mary’ and the Unconventional Feminine Repossession of Self

American Mary

Written by Eva Phillips, this text is a component of our theme week on Ladies in Horror.

[Trigger warning: discussion of rape]

Suturing, as an act, sanguinely carves its method all through Jen and Sylvia Soska’s 2012 body-modification-centric horror movie American Mary. Earlier than we ever see a face or hear a phrase of dialogue, we watch sinewy, achromatic flesh being sliced open, unfold aside, and methodically stitched with black thread by blacked gloved fingers. We watch this, surprised by the juxtaposition between the very targeted, dotingly nimble work of the gloved fingers and the grotesquely wrinkled and malleable flesh. We watch this additionally jarred by the ethereally doleful rendition of “Ave Maria” — importantly and perspicaciously, a hymn that beseeches a feminine savior to keep off earthly demons and evils — that sonically sutures into the slicing and massaging of the flesh. Earlier than we ever see a face or hear a phrase, we’re knowledgeable that this suturing is an act of salvation, not one thing to be decreased to a easy barbarism. As it’s portrayed in the first few moments of the movie, suturing is a posh extension of the two selves concerned in the act.

These first scenes of suturing — which, as we’re proven in an virtually whimsical reveal, contain lifeless turkey flesh slightly than human flesh — introduce us to the proclivities of the movie’s protagonist, Mary (an unequivocally cool as hell Katharine Isabelle), a profoundly brilliant and profoundly broke medical scholar in her remaining levels of education earlier than turning into a surgeon. Earlier than understanding Mary as a person, we’re launched to the presences in Mary’s life which vex and threaten her in strikingly insidious methods. Particularly, her sniveling, vitriolically brooding professor, Dr. Grant (David Lovgren), is introduced moments after we watch Mary rigorously and gleefully “operate” on her turkey affected person as a direct distinction to the pleasure she derives from her chosen subject. Throughout a slideshow presentation in school, during which Mary’s telephone is bombarded with messages and calls from debt collectors for defaulting on her loans, Dr. Grant lashes out at Mary in the center of class, barking that having her telephone out is “fucking rude” and later admonishing her to “stop fucking up.” This violence by means of language establishes a paradigm that persists all through the movie during which feminine expression, feminine management over their anatomy/physique and others’ is aggressively and oppressively impugned upon and violated by male domination. Mary’s ardour and expertise — and thus selfhood — exists imperiled and impeached by the overtures of males.

American Mary

To juxtapose this, the Soska Sisters brilliantly introduce, by way of their very own masterful course of of directorial and narrative suturing, the world of underground physique modification and Mary’s unexpectedly intimate and empowering relationship with it. Physique modification, which has longstanding cultural values and implications, has emerged as a outstanding subculture during which people search to good and alter their type to their imaginative and prescient utilizing methods akin to implants, scarification, surgical reconfiguration of specific physique elements, and extra. The tradition is understood for a wide selection of extensively wanted artists — like this man — and informs many movies and tv exhibits, notably these analyzing transcendentalism in scientific-modification communities — assume Orphan Black — and the multidimensionality of the tradition has permeated the filmic consciousness in vital methods.

In American Mary, Mary is thrust into the stomach of the beast slightly unceremoniously and beneath non-consensual pretexts: in her interview at a beyond-grimy strip membership to safe a job to make extra quick money, Mary is implored by her potential future employer to sew collectively an identity-less man who has been brutalized and ripped stem-to-stern by the membership’s bouncer. Mary sutures the man’s wound in change for 5 thousand dollars money, violently vomiting afterword, and in flip imbricates herself right into a world which can problem her to re-conceptualize her notions of autonomy and self-governed craft.

What is critical about Mary’s consequential immersion into the world of physique modification is that it’s engaged by (very) prepared, consenting individuals who’re firstly and predominantly ladies. As pertinacious as they’re distinct of their look, the ladies who assist to “launch” Mary’s body-mod particular surgical profession — Beatress (Tristan Danger) and Ruby Realgirl (Paula Lindberg), who search to surgically modify their appearances to resemble Betty Boop and a human doll — worth physique mod and surgical transformation as a definite type of sovereign self-possession that reclaims our bodies in any other case managed or possessed by exterior forces. Grandiosely, Ruby summarizes the attract and the empowerment of physique mod, stating “I don’t think it’s really fair that God gets to choose what we look like on the outside, do you?”

This type of direct management over one’s bodily options, notably when enacted by ladies/for ladies, this craven want for particular suturing that permits Mary to not solely hone her craft, however outline herself by means of her knack for flawlessly altering pores and skin and our bodies. She articulates her selfhood with every sew whereas concurrently permitting these she operates on to achieve their purest selves. It’s definitely no coincidence that in Mary’s operation on Ruby, the rendition of “Ave Maria” we hear in the opening scene is woven in to the scene simply as effortlessly as Mary’s surgical instruments carve and reshape Ruby’s flesh. Each ladies are symbiotically asserting selfhood by way of an act typically thought to barbarously or carnally be “just for men.”

Themes of female self-expression and self-possession tackle one other dimension in turns of illustration when the disturbing aspect of bodily violation (by way of rape) is jarringly launched into the movie’s narrative. Mary, who has bought a brand new automotive and garments with the exorbitant gobs of under-the-operating-room-table cash she makes via physique mod, attends a celebration hosted by the repulsively skeevy Dr. Grant, the place she is a lone feminine presence surrounded by lecherous males in her desired subject. Already coded as a predator, we aren’t shocked however however paralyzingly appalled as Dr. Grant medicine and rapes Mary, all whereas filming the violent transgression. It might virtually appear this act, and the Soska’s directorial option to unflinchingly current the violation in its entirety (typically from Mary’s “perspective”) betrays the trenchant themes of feminine self-possession and autonomous expression established in the movie, and falls into the triggering and tiresome development of rape and sexual assault in different movies. Nevertheless, protecting with the Soska’s personal sentiments conveyed of their 2014 interview with Bitch Flicks, the inclusion of the graphic assault scene is reflective of the prevalence of violence towards ladies — sexual, bodily, emotional, and so on — that’s typically ignored, disputed, or monetized. The violence that’s acted upon Mary is just not a plot system nor a gratuitous exploitation of the feminine physique — and the ensuing violence she enacts as both retribution or psychological processing isn’t portrayed as erotic or glamorous. Quite, it’s seen as coping — tasteless, cruel, and typically directionless coping to deal with an act that defied rationalization. What’s important, although, is that Mary by no means loses nor surrenders her mastery over suturing and the id she consecrates via that (although, she does relinquish from the male-dominated “legitimate” surgeons’ realm). Even right down to her ultimate moments, she is in management of her craft and id.

American Mary

I discovered myself oddly calling upon a seemingly unrelated textual content throughout my viewings of American Mary. With every scene, moments from English novelist Frances Burney’s agonizing epistolary non-fiction piece, “Letter to Esther Burney,” started to suture themselves, because it have been, to the motion of the movie. Burney’s groundbreaking and painfully vivid description of her analysis with most cancers, the full deprivation of her voice and autonomy over her personal physique at the arms of numerous male physicians each earlier than and throughout the mastectomy, and ugly accounts of the gore and ache of the surgical procedure, are eerily related to the work accomplished in American Mary.

Whereas each the movie and textual content depict outlandish trauma acted on our bodies — whether or not it’s Mary’s rape or Burney’s invasive most cancers and equally invasive and debasing process to take away it — each reinstate ladies’s voices and feminine autonomies in unconventional means. Burney is ready to champion her struggling by authorially disseminating her trauma in textual content, and thus re-transcribes herself into the surgical act which initially strips her of her selfhood. Mary, an writer in her personal proper via her magisterial surgical prowess that defies the parameters of her patriarchal area, actually carves out her personal voice and her personal sense of management (for higher and for worse) by means of modifying the our bodies of others (which in flip permits these people to inhabit empowered identities) and altering the man who violated her. Each ladies confront their trauma, the desecration their our bodies endure, by refusing to relinquish the crafts which outline them and permit them to reclaim their our bodies.

The ethics in American Mary are sometimes doubtful at greatest, however as in Burney’s letter the empowerment of the textual content — as is usually the case with what little room ladies are allowed to articulate themselves in — lies in ferocious audacity sutured in every line or every layer of flesh.


See additionally at Bitch Flicks:

American Mary: In Reward of the Amoral Ultimate Woman

Speaking with Horror’s Twisted Twins: An Interview with the Soska Sisters


Eva Phillips is a comparatively current import to Pittsburgh, PA. She relocated from the crust of Virginia after receiving her BA in English at the College of Virginia to finish her Masters at Carnegie Mellon College. Her pursuits embrace: representations of femininity and violence in movie, refusing to quell her pleasure over The Quick and the Livid franchise; having each cat; queer representations in horror and melodrama (each movie and tv); queer sexuality and faith; and lastly getting to satisfy Sia and perhaps put on her wig. Along with Bitch Flicks, she writes for the good people at Indie Movie Minute, and has appeared in One other Gaze Journal. Her numerous disintegrations might be seen at https://www.instagram.com/menzingers2/.


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